Thursday, February 16, 2017

Compromised Potential

My Life Group lesson for Feb. 12, 2017, using Lifeway’s “Explore the Bible” curriculum, as well as help from Bible Gateway and bits from Jay McCluskey, John McClendon, John MacArthur and Adrian Rogers.


How often do we tell our kids, “You can be anything you want to be?”

Do we tell them that because we believe it, or to make them feel good?

(Do you think your kid can be president? A doctor? An actress? An NBA star? A princess?)

Even as they may not be titans of industry, we pray that our children will become faithful and in part because we as parents trained them in the way they should go (Prov. 22:6).

The reality is, although we set out on a road as kids and teens, circumstances change everything, sometimes by choice, sometimes not so much.

Today we’re talking about Samson, one of God’s chosen judges who was destined for great things but battled many personal failings.


Judges 13:1-21:29

*** We continue our study of the book of Judges, tracking the Israelites as they fall into a cycle of rebellion against God, oppression by their enemies, and rescue by the Lord.

*** This week we come to Samson, who had great promise. He was given to God as a Nazirite even before birth, and he was prohibited from drinking wine, cutting his hair, and touching any dead thing.

*** However, by the time we get to the seductress Delilah, Samson had violated two of the vows, and would soon give in on the third as well.


4 Some time later, he fell in love with a woman named Delilah, who lived in the Sorek Valley. 5 The Philistine leaders went to her and said, “Persuade him to tell you where his great strength comes from, so we can overpower him, tie him up, and make him helpless. Each of us will then give you 1,100 pieces of silver.” 6 So Delilah said to Samson, “Please tell me, where does your great strength come from? How could someone tie you up and make you helpless?”

*** A hair-raising story.

--- Samson was an imperfect instrument.

--- More than any other judge, Samson experienced the Spirit coming upon him.

--- Four times, the Spirit of the Lord was involved in Samson’s actions (13:25; 14:6, 19; 15:14).

--- Yet, of all the judges, Samson was most clearly a rogue.

--- Having taken the vow to be a Nazirite (13:4-5, 7, 14; 16:17; Num. 6:1-21), he kept only the part about not cutting his hair.

--- But God had raised him up to deliver Israel from the Philistines (v. 5).

--- He used even the sins of Samson to deliver the Israelites from Philistine oppression (14:4).

*** World’s strongest man, and weakest man.

--- Samson was graced by God with great physical strength.

--- He killed Philistines by the dozens.

--- Yet spiritually Samson was weak.

--- He could strangle a lion and defeat an enemy, but he could not manage his lusts.

--- Recipients of power and strength can become arrogant and over-confident (just as anyone can be when it comes to what they do well).

--- It ended up costing Samson his physical dominance as well.

--- He repeatedly broke God’s covenant and his vow by seeking foreign wives, sleeping with prostitutes, touching dead things, and drinking wine.

--- He showed no interest in being the deliverer that Israel needed.

--- From the time of his birth, Samson had God’s presence blessing him (Judg. 13:24-25). Yet because Samson did not stand against the temptation that he encountered, he never achieved his full potential.

*** Question - What are some things that keep a person from reaching his or her full potential? What role does spiritual compromise play in failing to reach one’s full potential?


16 Because she nagged him day after day and pleaded with him until she wore him out, 17 he told her the whole truth and said to her, “My hair has never been cut, because I am a Nazirite to God from birth. If I am shaved, my strength will leave me, and I will become weak and be like any other man.” 18 When Delilah realized that he had told her the whole truth, she sent this message to the Philistine leaders: “Come one more time, for he has told me the whole truth.” The Philistine leaders came to her and brought the money with them. 19 Then she let him fall asleep on her lap and called a man to shave off the seven braids on his head. In this way, she made him helpless, and his strength left him. 20 Then she cried, “Samson, the Philistines are here!” When he awoke from his sleep, he said, “I will escape as I did before and shake myself free.” But he did not know that the LORD had left him.

*** The power of nagging.

--- Without ruining your relationship, who in your home does the most nagging? How do you deal with it?

--- Samson was particularly weak when it came to women.

--- He lusted after them, he gave in to them, he abandoned his Godly call because of them.

--- If Samson can be said to have a “type,” it was women of his enemies.

--- Previously he had married a Philistine woman (14:1-7). That marriage did not work out. (To put it mildly).

--- Later, Samson also gratified his lust with another Philistine woman, a harlot (16:1).

--- So by the time we get to Delilah she’s his third Philistine heathen mistress.

--- Delilah was playing him like a fiddle, and he was a fool, playing along for the lust.

--- She kept begging Samson to reveal his weakness so that she could get paid 5,500 pieces of silver by the Philistine leaders.

--- At first he played it like a game and tricked her three times. Still, she persisted.

*** Question - Samson seemed to realize the relationship with Delilah was a trap, yet he did not turn away from the relationship. Why do we sometimes continue to play with temptation even though we know the dangers?

*** Unbe-weave-able.

--- Once Samson gives in and loses his hair and breaks the final Nazirite covenant, God’s patience ends and the Holy Spirit leaves Samson.

--- The actual source of Samson’s strength wasn’t his hair, it was the Lord Himself.

--- Like Saul (cf. Is. 16:14 with 1 Sam. 15:23), Samson lost the power of the Spirit because he disobeyed.

--- Samson was about experience life after the abandonment of God.

--- In the end, however, after Samson hits rock bottom and his eyes have been gouged out and he’s tormented by the Philistines, he renews his faith and gives his life to defeat God’s enemies.

--- Hebrews 11:32 even lists Samson on the honor roll of faith.

--- God gave Samson physical strength. Samson didn’t always use it for God and in the way God wanted him to. But, in the end, Samson leaned on God’s strength. God has given us all strengths. Strengths are things that we are good at. Some people are good at drawing, singing, speaking, etc. Every gift comes from God and should be used for God.


In today’s study, we saw that spiritual compromise can be a very negative thing.

Instead of keeping his promises to God, Samson gave in to Delilah to make her happy.

He let his temptations keep him from using his full potential.

Jesus calls on us to “salt” and “light” in our world. We have to stand out from the world and be careful that we don’t compromise our faith to “fit in” with our culture.

I read an anecdote this week on about the Little Sisters of the Poor, going door to door in France asking for donations for the poor. One man said he could give 1,000 francs if she would have a glass of champagne with him. She hesitated, because 1,000 francs would feed a lot of needy people. When a servant filled her glass, the brave nun poured it out, and then said, “And now, sir, another glass, please, at the same price.” She got it.

Samson risked so much for so little. We can do that every day, risking our marriages, our integrity, our spiritual connection with God, for a momentary thrill. Be on guard for what makes you weak. “Put on the full armor of God so that you can stand against the tactics of the Devil” (Eph. 6:11).

*** Wisdom and common sense teach us that it is best not to put yourself in settings where temptation is strongest. Respecting your vulnerabilities is a healthy way to stay on a good course.

*** When we overestimate our abilities, we underestimate the enemy. The New Testament warns us: “Be serious! Be alert! Your adversary the Devil is prowling around like a roaring lion, looking for anyone he can devour” (1 Pet. 5:8).

*** Standing against temptation shows that we love God. Giving in to temptation shows how much we love ourselves. With Jesus we have the power to turn from temptation.

Monday, February 06, 2017

Timid Warrior

My Life Group lesson for Feb. 5, 2017, using Lifeway’s “Explore the Bible” curriculum, as well as help from Bible Gateway and bits from Jay McCluskey and Adrian Rogers.


Have you ever taken a “Before” picture when starting a new diet and exercise routine?

Advertisements for fitness gyms, exercise equipment, and diets often feature “Before” and “After” photographs of people who have utilized their products.

The goal is to show a stark contrast in improvement.

Gideon is one of God’s great “Before” and “After” projects.

He’s known as one of the great leaders of God’s people. But the Gideon we meet at the beginning of the story is in stark contrast to the hero of faith he becomes.


Judges 6:1–12:15

*** Two weeks ago we started our study of the book of Judges, highlighting the repetitive story of the Israelites rebelling, repenting and being delivered by God’s judges.

*** Every victory was worn by the Lord, who worked through the judges on behalf of His people.

*** In chapter 6 we meet Gideon while the Israelites were being oppressed by the Midianites. Gideon would become an unlikely hero.

UNSURE AND UNTESTED (JUDGES 6:11-16) 11 The Angel of the LORD came, and He sat under the oak that was in Ophrah, which belonged to Joash, the Abiezrite. His son Gideon was threshing wheat in the wine vat in order to hide it from the Midianites. 12 Then the Angel of the LORD appeared to him and said: “The LORD is with you, mighty warrior.” 13 Gideon said to Him, “Please Sir, if the LORD is with us, why has all this happened? And where are all His wonders that our fathers told us about? They said, ‘Hasn’t the LORD brought us out of Egypt?’ But now the LORD has abandoned us and handed us over to Midian.” 14 The LORD turned to him and said, “Go in the strength you have and deliver Israel from the power of Midian. Am I not sending you?” 15 He said to Him, “Please, Lord, how can I deliver Israel? Look, my family is the weakest in Manasseh, and I am the youngest in my father’s house.” 16 “But I will be with you,” the LORD said to him. “You will strike Midian down as if it were one man.”

*** Wanted: Judge Dredd. (Sylvester Stallone isn't walking through Israel's door.)

--- Because of the sin of the people, God allowed the Midianites to oppress His people.

--- None of the other stories in Judges devotes such attention to the details of the oppression as this one.

--- The Midianite oppression was so great that Isaiah mentioned it centuries later (Is. 9:4; 10:26).

--- The Israelites would hide in mountains and caves and fortresses, but it didn’t always work.

--- Whenever the people would plant crops the Midianites would attack and take all their food, their sheep, oxen and donkeys.

--- That’s why when we meet Gideon he is trying to hide his family’s wheat by threshing it in a wine vat.

*** I’m not worthy.

--- Initially, Gideon appears weak and timid.

--- Like Moses did, Gideon gives excuse after excuse: He thinks the Lord has abandoned them; His family is poor (even though he later gets 10 servants to help him); His clan is the weakest in the tribe of Manasseh; He’s the youngest in the house.

--- Throughout his calling, Gideon questions why God would choose him and asks for signs.

--- Gideon put out a fleece asking God to cover it with dew while the surrounding ground remained dry. God complied with Gideon’s request (6:36-38).

--- But Gideon was not satisfied. He asked God to reverse the process, allowing dew to appear on the ground but not on the fleece. God acquiesced to Gideon’s request (6:39-40).

--- When it’s time for battle God reduces Gideon’s army from 32,000 men down to 300 as a way of teaching Gideon to rely on Him (7:1-8).

*** Rely on Him.

--- God simply replies, “But I will be with you.”

--- God’s strength is enough.

--- With God on Gideon’s side, the Midianites could be defeated by one man with no power.

--- The Lord was reassuring Gideon that he could fulfill God’s calling.

--- God was molding Gideon into a mature believer.

*** Question – How can we give up our doubts and fears and rely on God as much as Gideon had to do?


25 On that very night the LORD said to him, “Take your father’s young bull and a second bull seven years old. Then tear down the altar of Baal that belongs to your father and cut down the Asherah pole beside it. 26 Build a well-constructed altar to the LORD your God on the top of this rock. Take the second bull and offer it as a burnt offering with the wood of the Asherah pole you cut down.” 27 So Gideon took 10 of his male servants and did as the LORD had told him. But because he was too afraid of his father’s household and the men of the city to do it in the daytime, he did it at night.

*** Serious family problems.

--- Before Gideon could deliver Israel from the Midianites, he had to rid his own family of idol worship.

--- We say it all the time, before you can save the world you can start by getting your own family in order.

--- While Gideon’s request for signs might indicate he lacked faith, his willingness to cut down his father’s monument indicates a big step of trust.

--- The scripture makes clear Gideon was afraid of his dad and his dad’s posse.

--- Gideon’s small acts of faith prepared him for greater obedience to lead an army against his enemy.

--- Gideon may have been in the Old Testament, but he’s a great example of someone who came to deny himself and take up his cross as Jesus instructs us to do in Mark 8.

--- Many people think that this means that our “cross” is a sickness, an unsaved spouse, or a cruel boss. However, a cross is not something that is forced upon you, over which you have no choice. A cross is something you willingly take up.

*** A slight overreaction.

--- In the morning everyone discovered what Gideon had done in obedience to God, and the men of the city insisted he be killed.

--- What Gideon did in God’s command and to honor God, these guys wanted to kill him.

--- Gideon’s dad, Joash, however, got the message.

--- Joash said, if Baal is a god, then let him plead his case against Gideon and defend his altar.

--- Joash refused to surrender Gideon, and his own spiritual journey back to God began.

--- When we have strayed from God, look to those God sends to bring you back.

*** Question – When was a time that God drew you closer to Himself by working in the lives around you?


Imagine adding a packet of sweetener to your tea but not stirring the drink.

If you take a sip, you will think you need another packet.

No matter how many packets you add, you will think you need more as long as you fail to stir the drink.

We want more sweeteners, yet what we really need is to simply stir.

We often ask God for new and divine powers.

What He really wants us to do is to “stir” into use the strength He has already granted believers.

God’s discipline and molding of Gideon succeeded.

We read in Judges 7:1-25 that Gideon delivered God’s people from the hands of the Midianites with only 300 men.

He also was victorious over other Midianite rulers before his death (8:1-35). God worked through a timid leader to secure victory.

When his story began, Gideon wanted the Lord to miraculously deliver the Hebrews from oppression.

While He can work through miracles, God often chooses to work His miracles through faithful and committed believers.

*** This passage shows how God took Gideon where he was and began to shape him into the leader he would become. God starts where we are in making us useful servants in His kingdom.

*** Compare your faith to Gideon’s. Are there areas where you are timid? Look for opportunities to grow your faith through acts of service and obedience to God.

*** What first steps has God led you to take to develop your maturity as a believer and signify your commitment to Him?

Monday, January 23, 2017

Rebellion's Cycle

My Life Group lesson for Jan. 22, 2017, using Lifeway’s “Explore the Bible” curriculum, as well as help from Bible Gateway and bits from Jay McCluskey and Adrian Rogers.


Have you ever received a speeding ticket?

Were you really speeding?

If the answer to the first question is “yes,” then the answer to the second question is usually “yes” also.

While we might deserve the consequences we receive, we sometimes mistakenly get upset at the officer giving us the citation.

When the Israelites were falling into rebellion and getting caught, they had a tendency not to understand the lessons learned.


Judges 1:1-3:6

*** We’ve moved from the book of Joshua to the book of Judges.

*** Judges bridges the gap between the Israelites taking the Promised Land and the time of kings.

*** A generation after Joshua passed the Israelites fell into a cycle of rebellion, God’s judgment, and deliverance.


11 The Israelites did what was evil in the LORD’s sight. They worshiped the Baals 12 and abandoned the LORD, the God of their fathers, who had brought them out of Egypt. They went after other gods from the surrounding peoples and bowed down to them. They infuriated the LORD, 13 for they abandoned Him and worshiped Baal and the Ashtoreths. 14 The LORD’s anger burned against Israel, and He handed them over to marauders who raided them. He sold them to the enemies around them, and they could no longer resist their enemies. 15 Whenever the Israelites went out, the LORD was against them and brought disaster on them, just as He had promised and sworn to them. So they suffered greatly.

*** History repeat itself.

--- Who has a favorite movie or novel they have watched or read more than once?

--- No matter how many times we watch the movie or read the book, the ending never changes.

--- As a history buff, it never fails to amaze that one of the main points of history is that mankind repeats the same destructive paths over and over again.

--- But as a Christian history buff, it’s much easier to see why our sinful nature gets in the way.

--- There’s a familiar pattern to the Israelites throughout the Old Testament:
The nation first served God, then they forsake Him in favor of fake gods.
God delivers them into the hands of their enemies.
The people wail and moan in servitude.
The people cry out to God in distress and repent.
God hears their prayer, raises up a judge to save them from torment and they win freedom again.
Copy. Paste.

*** We can’t be too quick to judge.

--- How often do we do the same?

--- If we aren’t steadfast and if we begin tolerating sin, how quickly do we fall into a pattern of sin-repentance-forgiveness-sin, and you notice yourself asking forgiveness for the same things over and over again?

--- The Israelites lost the will to drive their enemies from the land, and instead of being steadfast in a pursuit of Godly worship they began tolerating and then following the pagan practices of their neighbors.

--- We can’t let ourselves fall into the same behaviors as our unbelieving friends, co-workers, even family.

--- In 2 Corinthians, when the local pagan religions threatened to corrupt the Christians in Corinth, Paul called on the Corinthian believers to live separate lives (2 Cor. 6:16-17).

--- Paul saw it firsthand, too. Demas began as a devoted partner in ministry with Paul, but sadly he left the ministry “because he loved this present world” (2 Tim. 4:10).

*** Question - How easy is it for Christians today to get in with friends who don’t follow Jesus, and how much more likely is it for us to conform to their sinful ways?


16 The LORD raised up judges, who saved them from the power of their marauders, 17 but they did not listen to their judges. Instead, they prostituted themselves with other gods, bowing down to them. They quickly turned from the way of their fathers, who had walked in obedience to the LORD’s commands. They did not do as their fathers did. 18 Whenever the LORD raised up a judge for the Israelites, the LORD was with him and saved the people from the power of their enemies while the judge was still alive. The LORD was moved to pity whenever they groaned because of those who were oppressing and afflicting them. 19 Whenever the judge died, the Israelites would act even more corruptly than their fathers, going after other gods to worship and bow down to them. They did not turn from their evil practices or their obstinate ways.

*** Actions have consequences.

--- Just as God was aware of Israel’s transgressions, even so today the Lord watches over us. When we seek to obey Him, He is aware of our devotion.

--- Unlike your browser you can’t go through life in “Incognito Mode!”

--- And during those times we deceive ourselves into believing we can live in sin and no one will know, the watchful eyes of the Lord still are upon us.

--- God let the Hebrews experience the consequences of their sinful choices.

--- After they had their way, their enemies became their masters.

--- But He also raised up someone to save them from their enemies when the people repented and cried out for help.

--- The people certainly didn’t deserve divine intervention.

--- But the Lord responded in grace with kindness.

--- When they were unfaithful, God was still faithful.

--- Even in our self-imposed suffering, God is good, offering help.

*** Drink your kids’ rebellious tears.

--- Your kids’ moans and sadness at being punished makes you sad, but what if you let them off the hook every time and they never learn their lesson? You’d be a bad parent.

--- How do they react? Usually with panic, right?

--- Every time something doesn’t go right in our lives, we tend to listen to Satan’s lies of fear, discouragement and despair.

--- Corrie ten Boom was a faithful Christian who hid Jews from arrest and deportation during the German occupation of the Netherlands. Even in that awful situation, she would say that “there is no panic in heaven, only plans.”

--- You may panic when your rebellion causes your world to go topsy-turvy, but He hasn’t quit on you.

--- The phrase “in the LORD’s sight” in verse 11 serves as a reminder to all of us that life is lived under God’s watchful eyes.

--- God watches over us just as a loving father keeps an eye on his children to encourage good behavior or to discipline bad behavior.

--- God has never stepped down from His throne. Jesus has not left His right hand, and the Holy Spirit has not stopped interceding for you.


Americans love a good rebel. We are a country founded by rebellion.

In the South there is still a sense of awe for the rebels of the Civil War.

We celebrate rebels in books, on TV, and in movies.

Of course, as a teenager you think of yourself as a rebel without a care, but your parents know that you’re actually a rebel without a clue.

When we rebel against God, however, we need a swift kick in our Biblical pants, so to speak.

Like the ancient Hebrews, we occasionally need to be reminded of God’s authority.

*** (1) God brings righteous judgment on His rebellious people, with the goal of their repentance.

*** (2) Is there any area of rebellion against God in your life? Ask for God’s forgiveness and make better choices.

*** (3) No matter where we stand in our relationship with God today, His desire is that we draw closer to Him.

Tuesday, January 17, 2017


My Life Group lesson for Jan. 15, 2017, using Lifeway’s “Explore the Bible” curriculum, as well as help from Bible Gateway and bits from John McClendon, John MacArthur and Adrian Rogers.


Inauguration Day is this Friday. Donald Trump will be sworn in as president, and Barack Obama will scoot out of office, but not before giving a final talk to the nation last week.

If you were asked to give a speech to define your legacy, what key points would you want to make?

At the end of the Book of Joshua, we find Joshua making his last public address to the Israelites.

Joshua would soon die, and he challenged the Israelites to follow the Lord faithfully into the days ahead.

Having personally witnessed many occurrences, he knew the Hebrews could be unfaithful to the Lord.

He remembered many of them dying in the wilderness because of their unfaithfulness (see Num. 14:26-34).

Joshua undoubtedly knew that faithfulness grows through reflection, evaluation, and renewed commitment to God.

Faithful living can help us become the people God wants us to be.

Joshua challenged the people to move ahead in a dynamic relationship with God in light of all He had done for them.

Today, God still uses the faithfulness of His committed followers to challenge and influence others.

He expects His followers to be fully devoted to Him, with no divided allegiances.


JOSHUA 23:1–24:33

*** We are coming to the end of our study of the book of Joshua.

*** After 40 years of wandering, Joshua led the Israelites from the eastern side of the Jordan River, through it, over Jericho and throughout all of Canaan. Seven years of war and twenty-three years of settling into the land have taken place.

*** Now at approximately 110 years of age and about to pass on to his heavenly reward, Joshua gathers all Israel and their leaders at Shechem for his final words to them.


14 “Therefore, fear the LORD and worship Him in sincerity and truth. Get rid of the gods your fathers worshiped beyond the Euphrates River and in Egypt, and worship Yahweh. 15 But if it doesn’t please you to worship Yahweh, choose for yourselves today the one you will worship: the gods your fathers worshiped beyond the Euphrates River or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living. As for me and my family, we will worship Yahweh.” … 19 But Joshua told the people, “You will not be able to worship Yahweh, because He is a holy God. He is a jealous God; He will not remove your transgressions and sins. 20 If you abandon the LORD and worship foreign gods, He will turn against you, harm you, and completely destroy you, after He has been good to you.”

*** “Today I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of this earth.” (Lou Gehrig)

--- New York Yankees legend Lou Gehrig played in 2,130 consecutive games, a seemingly unbreakable record until Cap Ripken broke it in the 90s. In 1939 he was diagnosed with ALS, and he benched himself to end the streak, then retired. And yet, in a speech that summer he said “I consider myself the luckiest man on the face of this earth.”

--- We’re coming to the end of Joshua’s farewell address, vowing that his family will set a good example, and an important warning if the people don’t keep their faith.

--- Joshua was offering the people choices.

--- First, he challenged them to “fear the Lord.”

--- If your relationship with God is one of awe, you won’t need to fear His judgment.

--- Second, he told the people to “worship in in sincerity and truth.”

--- Third, he challenged the people to “get rid of the gods” to which they still clung.”

--- It’s hard to believe that after all the Israelites had seen that they clung to false gods that their ancestors worshiped before Abraham, or Egyptian gods they adopted in slavery.

--- Believers today can also forget God’s great works in their own lives.

--- We can also place idols in place of our worship of God. (Examples: materialism, sports, recreation, pleasure, comfort, success, careers)

*** Question - Who has verse 15, “As for me and my family, we will worship the Lord,” displayed in your home? What does it mean to you that you want people to see that?

*** Say what you mean, Joshua.

--- In verses 19 and 20, Joshua doesn’t hold back. He says that remaining faithful to God is next to impossible for these guys.

--- God is a “holy God” who is separate from His creation and from our sin.

--- God is a “jealous God” who insists on absolute allegiance from His people.

--- Joshua isn’t literally saying that the Lord won’t forgive them, but that they should talk their walk with Him very seriously.

--- Sometimes people think all they need to do is make a profession of faith and all will be well.

--- But God cares a lot about our daily walk with Him.

--- Like the Israelites, we shouldn’t take our commitment to Him lightly.

--- Our relationship with Him doesn’t only make life better – our relationship with God is life itself.


21 “No!” the people answered Joshua. “We will worship the LORD.” 22 Joshua then told the people, “You are witnesses against yourselves that you yourselves have chosen to worship Yahweh.” “We are witnesses,” they said. 23 “Then get rid of the foreign gods that are among you and offer your hearts to the LORD, the God of Israel.” 24 So the people said to Joshua, “We will worship the LORD our God and obey Him.” 25 On that day Joshua made a covenant for the people at Shechem and established a statute and ordinance for them. 26 Joshua recorded these things in the book of the law of God; he also took a large stone and set it up there under the oak next to the sanctuary of the LORD. 27 And Joshua said to all the people, “You see this stone—it will be a witness against us, for it has heard all the words the LORD said to us, and it will be a witness against you, so that you will not deny your God.” 28 Then Joshua sent the people away, each to his own inheritance.

*** Be prepared.

--- When the reality show “Survivor” premiered, I was hooked for the first few years. Take these people of different backgrounds, throw them into a tough situation and make them compete against each other. It seems like even after the first few seasons, contestants still acted like they didn’t know what they were getting into. They act surprised about the hunger, the rain, and the gamesmanship.

--- God’s people in chapter 24 certainly replied by saying the right things.

--- They promised to worship the Lord and not worship other gods.

--- Joshua gives them one of those “Are you sure you know what you’re getting into?” statements.

--- For the third time in this speech he asks them to make a public commitment.

--- This could reminds us of Jesus giving bold advice about what it takes to join Him:

Luke 14:26-27 – “If anyone comes to Me and does not hate his own father and mother, wife and children, brothers and sisters—yes, and even his own life—he cannot be My disciple. Whoever does not bear his own cross and come after Me cannot be My disciple.”

--- Living a life for Christ isn’t just whistling Dixie.

*** Renewing the covenant.

--- In verse 25 Joshua takes the next step in their commitment by making a covenant for the people with God.

--- There’s no halfway doing this. The Scriptures challenge us to offer our hearts completely to the Lord:

Romans 12:1-2 – “Therefore, brothers, by the mercies of God, I urge you to present your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing to God; this is your spiritual worship. Do not be conformed to this age, but be transformed by the renewing of your mind, so that you may discern what is the good, pleasing, and perfect will of God.”).

--- Once everyone agreed what had to be done, Joshua put it in writing and marked the occasion with a memorial.

--- We sing it all the time: “I have decided to follow Jesus ... though I may wonder, I still will follow … though none go with me, still I will follow … No turning back.”

--- Today’s culture presents believers with many opportunities to compromise their faith, and many lesser things try to take God’s place in our lives.

--- Don’t turn back. Keep your commitment to God.


If you ever talk with nurses or hospital chaplains who talk with patients who are on their deathbed, they’ll tell you that what sick and dying people talk most about are their families.

They talk about the love they gave, the love they received, and regrets for the love they did not give or receive. We believe that God is love, and we learn about God when we love. The first and usually the last example of that is how we treated and are treated by family.

If we post a plaque that says “As for me and my family, we will worship the Lord” and follow it, we should be able to speak well at the end of our journey.

*** (1) Joshua didn’t say, “if you will, then I will follow the Lord.” He drew a line in the sand and said “choose.” He was determined to follow God, even if he and his family were the only ones who would make this commitment.

*** (2) Just as we have been called to share the gospel, we are also telling others about the work of God in our lives. Our testimony can help others to see the redemptive power of God and the forgiveness that He offers.

*** (3) As we reflect upon God’s goodness in the milestones of life, our focus should be on seeing God’s call for devotion and choosing to serve Him daily. We are to serve God alone. He is worthy of all our worship.


My Life Group lesson for Jan. 8, 2017, using Lifeway’s “Explore the Bible” curriculum, as well as help from Bible Gateway and bits from John McClendon, John MacArthur and Adrian Rogers.


We like to root for the underdogs. People - especially Rebel Alliance soldiers – who know they’re going into a battle and that they have to win no matter what but otherwise are outnumbered and outgunned by an evil Empire.

Our heroes in “Rogue One” didn’t have to die for the cause of getting the secret plans to destroy the Death Star, but they made a commitment to do so if necessary. For them, they sought to do the will of the mystical Force.

That’s all make-believe Hollywood magic.

In real life, a long time ago in a country far far away there was another group that had to choose to follow the commitment they had made to follow the Lord’s commands. They were looking back at the Jordan while staring at a large fortified city, Jericho.

The good news for the Israelites is that they had already been promised victory if they fought according to God’s will.


JOSHUA 2:1–6:27

*** This is the second lesson in our study of Joshua. Last month we talked about how we are to be strong and courageous as we choose to follow God’s path.

*** In Joshua chapters 3 and 4, God stopped the overflowing Jordan River to allow the Israelites to cross safely into the Promised Land. In their path was the fortified city of Jericho.

*** Today we’ll talk about Jericho, and how God’s people had to trust in an unusual strategy to win victory.


12 Joshua got up early the next morning. The priests took the ark of the LORD, 13 and the seven priests carrying seven trumpets marched in front of the ark of the LORD. While the trumpets were blowing, the armed troops went in front of them, and the rear guard went behind the ark of the LORD. 14 On the second day they marched around the city once and returned to the camp. They did this for six days.

*** “We have hope. Rebellions are built on hope.” (Jyn Erso)

--- The Israelites were preparing themselves for war, starting with trusting in God.

--- After the Lord led them across the Jordan River, in chapter 5, the men reestablished the rite of circumcision.

--- Even though those who left Egypt were circumcised, none of the men were circumcised in the Wilderness during the 40 years of wandering.

--- After celebrating Passover, the manna ended and they would eat from the Promised Land.

--- God then sent an angel to show Joshua how God would fight Israel’s battles, starting with Jericho.

--- The instructions were a bit unusual, but the people followed them.

--- Each day for six days they circled the city once with the priests blowing the ram’s horns, and then the seventh day it would be complete.

--- The number seven, used no fewer than fourteen times in this chapter, is the number of divine perfection or completeness. We have seven priests, seven trumpets, seven days, and seven trips around the wall on the seventh day.

*** “Make ten men feel like a hundred.” (Cassian Andor)

--- Walking around a city until the walls fall down is not a tactic you’d probably see in modern warfare.

--- It probably took a lot of trust in God to follow through with this command, but they did so.

--- Notice that there’s no indication that the people complained or questioned this.

--- Think about the maturity the Israelites showed here compared to previous times they had been asked to obey God. (Grumbling, golden calf, doubt, etc.)

--- If God instructed our church to do something that was totally radical compared to the norm, do you suppose we would respond as the Israelites did?

--- Believing in what God says should include the confidence to obey Him, because if we don’t then we may not truly believe.

--- When believers obey God’s commands, they demonstrate their trust in Him.

*** Question - Can you think of any times you trusted that God was working for you, but you didn’t truly believe what He promised would happen?


20 So the people shouted, and the trumpets sounded. When they heard the blast of the trumpet, the people gave a great shout, and the wall collapsed. The people advanced into the city, each man straight ahead, and they captured the city. 21 They completely destroyed everything in the city with the sword—every man and woman, both young and old, and every ox, sheep, and donkey. 22 Joshua said to the two men who had scouted the land, “Go to the prostitute’s house and bring the woman out of there, and all who are with her, just as you promised her.” 23 So the young men who had scouted went in and brought out Rahab and her father, mother, brothers, and all who belonged to her. They brought out her whole family and settled them outside the camp of Israel. 24 They burned up the city and everything in it, but they put the silver and gold and the articles of bronze and iron into the treasury of the LORD’s house. 25 However, Joshua spared Rahab the prostitute, her father’s household, and all who belonged to her, because she hid the men Joshua had sent to spy on Jericho, and she lives in Israel to this day.

*** “I fear nothing. All is as the Force wills it.” (Baze Malbus)

--- On the seventh day, the people walked around the city seven times, the trumpets blasted and then the people gave a great shout to herald the impending victory.

--- The wall fell, and it’s important to note that it was caused by God.

--- The battle was too great for God’s people, but it was not too great for God.

--- One of our first theological lessons as kids is in “Jesus Loves Me” when we sing “I am weak but He is strong.”

--- While it takes courage to fight our battles, it requires even more courage to let God fight our battles for us.

*** “Congratulations. You're being rescued. Please do not resist.” (K-2SO)

--- They destroyed the city but as instructed did not keep the valuables, instead putting them into the Lord’s treasury. (Except for one doofus, but everyone else followed directions.)

--- This demonstrates faithful obedience. It’s hard to keep thousands of excitable soldiers from seeking valuables during a war. (Even just a cool shield or sword, or pots and pans when you know your wife needs a new set.)

--- God was showing that the victory was not for the soldiers to have the spoils of the war; rather, the victory was His. It was a testimony to the fact that the soldiers were not only fighting for God but also fought with Him on their side.

--- In addition, He was protecting them from the influences of the pagan society of Jericho by not allowing them to have any interaction with anyone or anything from that society.

--- During the raid the Israelites also spared Rahab’s family as promised after she hid the spies. (This becomes very important when Rahab is in Jesus’ genealogy.)

--- Her act of faithfulness was rewarded and recorded as a great testimony to God’s grace on her life.

--- Not only was she an ancestor of King David and of Jesus, the writer of Hebrews highlights her in the Roll Call of the Faithful for honoring God (Heb. 11:31), and James uses her example (James 2:25).

--- No one’s life is beyond the touch of God’s grace if they are willing to repent and place their faith in the Lord Jesus Christ.

*** Question - How does obedience demonstrate what we really believe? Can we have genuine belief or faith without obedience?


"Be careful not to choke on your aspirations."

Darth Vader in “Rogue One” is a bad dude, reminding us how evil he was before Luke turned him good at the end of Return of the Jedi.

His warning here in “Rogue One” is that evil General Krennic is full of pride and seeking glory for organizing the building of the Death Star.

So Vader actually has good advice, albeit for evil reasons.

We are supposed to be humble before God, to give glory to Him, and obey His commands.

In “Miracle on 34th Street,” Santa Claus defined faith as “believing in things when common sense tells you not to.”

Actually, true faith is doing things when common sense tells you otherwise.

We do it because we trust that in God.

Do you believe that God gives His people victory when they trust Him and obey His commands? If you believe this, then obedience comes easy. If you don't, then it is difficult to experience the work of God in your life.

*** Take time today to thank God for His faithfulness in what seemed impossible situations. Be an encourager to someone who you know is facing a spiritual battle.

*** If we truly believe in God, we will submit to His counsel and follow His commands. Anything less suggests we don’t really believe in Him as much as we say.

*** The question as you face battles is not whether God is on your side. The greater question is to ask whether or not you are on the Lord’s side.

Commissioned: When it's time to move forward

My Life Group lesson for Dec. 11, 2016, using Lifeway’s “Explore the Bible” curriculum, as well as help from Bible Gateway and bits from John MacArthur and Adrian Rogers.


When you watched “Forrest Gump,” did you think more like Lieutenant Dan, who was hanging on the sail during a hurricane yelling at God. He thinks all of life is predetermined?

Or were you more like Forrest, whose mom always told him that “life is like a box of chocolates” and “you never know what you might get.”

The Bible affirms both.

Jeremiah 29:11 makes it clear that God has a plan for our lives: “‘For I know the plans I have for you’—this is the LORD’s declaration—‘plans for your welfare, not for disaster, to give you a future and a hope.’”

The Bible also says that we have a choice that influences how well our lives go.

As the book of Deuteronomy ends, the Israelites have wandered in the wilderness for 40 years. God says they have a choice.

While God alone directs the ways of history and our individual lives, there remain some wise decisions to help us move forward down His path.


JOSHUA 1:1-18

*** For the next few months we’re going to study the books of Joshua, Judges and Ruth.

*** Joshua was a trusted military leader under Moses from Exodus 17 and through the books of Numbers and Deuteronomy, and was commissioned as Israel’s next leader (Deut. 27:18-23).

*** Joshua 1 is shortly after Moses as God spoke to Joshua and encouraged him to set his sights on the task of settling the lands that God had promised for His people.


1 After the death of Moses the LORD’s servant, the LORD spoke to Joshua son of Nun, who had served Moses: 2 “Moses My servant is dead. Now you and all the people prepare to cross over the Jordan to the land I am giving the Israelites. 3 I have given you every place where the sole of your foot treads, just as I promised Moses. 4 Your territory will be from the wilderness and Lebanon to the great Euphrates River—all the land of the Hittites—and west to the Mediterranean Sea. 5 No one will be able to stand against you as long as you live. I will be with you, just as I was with Moses. I will not leave you or forsake you.

*** Ch-ch-changes.

--- God’s people faced two big transitions as the book of Joshua begins:

--- 1) New leadership, as Moses dies and Joshua takes command;

--- 2) Israel was moving from the wilderness into the promised land.

*** Trust.

--- As the people prepared to cross the Jordan River into Canaan, God speaks to His new head honcho.

--- Moses had been willing to surrender his life to whatever God wanted.

--- Would Joshua do the same?

--- It’s hard to imagine the emotion Joshua felt, moving from a serving role into a leadership position.

--- It certainly helps that God assured Joshua of a lot of promises:

--- 1) They would inhabit all of the land that God had promised to Abraham centuries earlier (Gen. 12:6-7).

--- 2) They would defeat their enemies.

--- 3) God would not forsake them.

--- 40 years earlier Joshua was one of the spies sent to check out Canaan. Except for Caleb, the other spies made the people too afraid to trust God’s promises. Now they would have to take that leap of faith across the Jordan River.

--- Today we as believers often face challenges that seem beyond our ability to handle, but we need to trust in God’s grace. He can accomplish more than we ask or think. (Eph. 3:20 – “Now to Him who is able to do above and beyond all that we ask or think according to the power that works in us.”)

*** Been there, done that.

--- Notice in verse 3 that it’s in past tense: “I have given you.”

--- It’s such a certainty that the writer writes as if it has already been accomplished.

--- In His mind and purpose, the task is as good as done.

--- Paul said that God has raised us up with Christ and seated us in the heavenly places (Eph. 2:6). We are not yet in heaven, but God’s salvation is so certain that Paul speaks of it as a past event.

*** Question - How can knowing that “God will never leave you or forsake you” help you remain strong when faced with new challenges?


7 Above all, be strong and very courageous to carefully observe the whole instruction My servant Moses commanded you. Do not turn from it to the right or the left, so that you will have success wherever you go. 8 This book of instruction must not depart from your mouth; you are to recite it day and night so that you may carefully observe everything written in it. For then you will prosper and succeed in whatever you do. 9 Haven’t I commanded you: be strong and courageous? Do not be afraid or discouraged, for the LORD your God is with you wherever you go.”

What are your kids’ greatest fears that leave them stuttering like the Cowardly Lion in “The Wizard of Oz?”

*** Never fear, God is here!

--- 14 times the Bible uses the phrase “be strong and courageous,” including a handful of times in Joshua.

--- Fear is a strong motivator, and the devil knows how to cripple us with it.

--- To take a stand for God you have to defeat fear.

--- We do not need courage for what we know we can handle. We need courage for something we know we cannot do alone and must have faith in God to complete.

*** Do as He says.

--- While God commanded Joshua to be strong and courageous, success would be based on his obedience.

--- God had sovereignly worked to bring the people to this place of entering the promised land, yet He was allowing them to choose whether or not to obey Him.

--- Joshua and the Israelites were on the banks of the Jordan, looking over into the Promised Land. Now they had to choose.

--- 40 years before they chose fear and ended up wandering the wilderness.

--- Joshua was the only other person on the mountain when God gave Moses the stone tablets of the Ten Commandments.

--- To be witness to that awesome experience gave Joshua the courage and determination to inspire his people to take the leap of faith.

--- The same word God gave Moses would now empower Joshua.

*** Think of someone who has inspired you. (A boss, a coach, a family member, etc.) Do you look to their actions? What they say? Or both?


Two weeks ago the Gatlinburg area was ravaged by fire.

Homes, vacation retreats, stores, were all lost.

There’s a lot of people who don’t know what’s the next step in their lives.

As Joshua begins, the Israelites had lost their beloved leader in Moses.

God’s encouragement to “be strong and courageous” meant Joshua and the people had a decision to make – to obey or disobey, give up or move forward, to trust or turn away from God.

*** (1) The Bible again and again affirms that what God calls us to do, He equips us to do.

*** (2) Here are two keys to stepping out in faith: 1. Remember that God is with you; 2. Remember that God keeps His promises.

*** (3) Are you seeking to be strong and courageous? What hinders you from this? What do you need to do to grow in strength and courage? How can you be reminded of God's presence today?

Friday, September 09, 2016

On the Go: The Journey Begins

My Life Group lesson for Sept. 4, 2016, using a collaborative study between my church and Lifeway. The “On the Go” series is a 12-week focus on evangelism ...

Think back on a time when you were excited about trying or starting something new. What fueled that excitement and energy?

(Last week was my 23rd anniversary of starting college at Union University and still remember driving up to Jackson in my ’86 Chevy Nova with my buddy Steve, turning into campus while listening to Steven Curtis Chapman’s “The Great Adventure.” Saddle up your horses, we’ve got a trail to blaze!)

When you being a new adventure or new way of life, what is it that keeps you from turning back?


*** For the next 12 weeks we begin a new series called “On the Go.”

*** It’s a collaboration between FBC and Lifeway, with a focus on evangelism.

*** We will be taking a look at how God calls, gathers and sends the church to connect people to the love of Jesus.


The lessons in these studies run the gamut of the Bible. We’re going back to the beginning today.

In Matthew 28, Jesus sent out His followers to carry on His mission in the world with the words, “Go, therefore, and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe everything I have commanded you” (Matt. 28:19-20).

These words – the Great Commission – did not originate with Jesus and His disciples.

In fact, the very first humans were sent by God to live on mission for Him after their sin forced them out of the garden.


1 Now the serpent was the most cunning of all the wild animals that the Lord God had made. He said to the woman, “Did God really say, ‘You can’t eat from any tree in the garden’?”

2 The woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the fruit from the trees in the garden. 3 But about the fruit of the tree in the middle of the garden, God said, ‘You must not eat it or touch it, or you will die.’”

4 “No! You will not die,” the serpent said to the woman. 5 “In fact, God knows that when you eat it your eyes will be opened and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.” 6 Then the woman saw that the tree was good for food and delightful to look at, and that it was desirable for obtaining wisdom. So she took some of its fruit and ate it; she also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it. 7 Then the eyes of both of them were opened, and they knew they were naked; so they sewed fig leaves together and made loincloths for themselves.

*** Choose the red pill or the blue pill.

--- Adam and Eve made some bad choices here.

--- Genesis chapter 3 describes the entrance of sin through the deception of the serpent. Satan twisted God’s words in a way that caused Adam and Eve to doubt God’s goodness.

--- The account of temptation and sin doesn’t attempt to explain the origin of evil. That is still under debate.

--- What’s not under debate, however, is that the Bible affirms God’s goodness and love, our disobedience and sin, and our need to confess our sin to God.

*** You’re gonna need bigger leaves.

--- Verse 7 says that their eyes were opened, they became aware that they were naked. (Not sure how you miss that, but it was a different time.)

--- It wasn’t wrong that they gained new knowledge - after all, God wants us to seek wisdom - but in a selfish quest for knowledge outside of a relationship with God it demonstrated arrogance and contempt for God.

*** Think about how sin gets in the way of our relationships just as it affected Adam and Eve. How did sin affect the way they viewed themselves? What do these facts reveal about the weightiness of sin?

*** How would you summarize this first account of sin? What was the root issue?

GENESIS 3:8-13

8 Then the man and his wife heard the sound of the Lord God walking in the garden at the time of the evening breeze, and they hid themselves from the Lord God among the trees of the garden. 9 So the Lord God called out to the man and said to him, “Where are you?”

10 And he said, “I heard You in the garden and I was afraid because I was naked, so I hid.”

11 Then He asked, “Who told you that you were naked? Did you eat from the tree that I commanded you not to eat from?”

12 Then the man replied, “The woman You gave to be with me—she gave me some fruit from the tree, and I ate.”

13 So the Lord God asked the woman, “What is this you have done?”

And the woman said, “It was the serpent. He deceived me, and I ate.”

*** Long live Harambe.

--- 2016 has generally been regarded as a terrible year so far around the world, in pop culture, in politics, etc.

--- Sin explains all of the troubles in the world. It is the reason for all of the dysfunction, the disease, the death, and the fact that Chris Brown and Charlie Sheen still have careers.

--- Monday is Labor Day. Adam and Eve didn’t need one. They loved their work in the garden. Then came sin, and work got harder and dirtier and then everyone needed a weekend to rest and then came TGIF and Friday nights watching “Full House” on ABC. In that order, pretty much.

--- With sin’s entrance into the world, the harmony of God’s perfect creation was broken.

*** You can run but you can’t hide.

--- Adam and Eve tried to become like God. Instead they couldn’t face Him and tried to hide.

--- How often do we do the same? When sin enters our life, we may stop reading the Bible, stop praying, and hope that God doesn’t notice us.

--- Rather than condemn them, God gave them a chance to confess and be open with Him.

--- Instead they blamed each other and made excuses.

--- Question - How does sin affect our relationship with God and with others?

(Adam and Eve’s relationship was broken. Their relationship with God was broken. Sin makes us selfish, seeking our own desires instead of God’s will.)

*** You have heard us say that as a church, we are unashamedly evangelistic, biblical, Christ-centered, and loving. How does sin hinder us from living out these values? How does it hinder us from connecting people to the love of Jesus?

*** As the next set of verses reveals, though, God does not want us to stay in our fallen state forever. As soon as there is a need for redemption, rescue is sent.

GENESIS 3:21-24

21 The Lord God made clothing out of skins for Adam and his wife, and He clothed them.

22 The Lord God said, “Since man has become like one of Us, knowing good and evil, he must not reach out, take from the tree of life, eat, and live forever.” 23 So the Lord God sent him away from the garden of Eden to work the ground from which he was taken. 24 He drove man out and stationed the cherubim and the flaming, whirling sword east of the garden of Eden to guard the way to the tree of life.

*** Lather, rinse, repeat.

--- Since the fall of man, we’ve been on a cycle of sin, rescue and redemption.

(It’s like lather, rinse, repeat, but with fewer 80s songs sung in the shower.)

--- In verses 14-20, God gave the serpent, Eve, and Adam a series of decrees and curses as punishment for their sin.

---- Then out of love, He then made coverings for them and sent them from the garden. And thus humanity’s great adventure began.

*** PETA’s worst nightmare.

--- The animal coverings God made us give us a glimpse into God’s protective, redemptive nature.

--- The coverings required an animal sacrifice, which foreshadowed what was needed for our sins to be forgiven. He sent Jesus, the lamb of God, to die for our sins so that if we believe in Him we are made right before God.

*** Verses 23-24 describe how God sent out Adam from the garden. In what ways was this action a curse? How can it also be seen as a blessing?

--- Before this, in Genesis chapters 1 and 2 the world was a perfect creation and man and woman were footloose and carefree. But chapter 3 gets us out of the garden and on a new path.

--- Once we accept Jesus’ redemption, we are sent on mission as His servants. Although being sent out from the garden separated Adam and Eve from God’s constant presence, it also set in motion God’s plans for redemption through Jesus.

--- The crown of thorns Jesus wore—what does it speak of? It symbolizes the curse upon humanity, on you, on me, on us all, because of sin. When God created mankind and put him in the Garden of Eden, there were no thorns. A curse came upon Adam and Eve because they sinned and disobeyed God. The thorn, the thistle, are the result of the curse of sin upon humanity. Jesus wore a crown of thorns because He bore that curse…the hardship, sorrow, and death that come with sin.

*** What are some of the challenges – both internal and external – that we will likely face as we seek opportunities to connect people to the love of Jesus?


*** Verse 23 tells us that after being banished from the garden, God expected Adam to “work the ground from which he was taken.” For us today, God also expects us to work the very field from which we came. What is this field for you? Where are the everyday places God expects you to be sharing your faith consistently?

*** Having a better understanding of God’s redemptive plan should motivate you to live out your mission of connecting people to the love of Jesus.

*** Our church’s goal is to transform our community, nation and world with the gospel of Jesus Christ as we reflect His love and saving power. We are successful at this when we have a relationship with God, family, church, and the world.

*** What is one way you can live on mission today in one of those areas of your life? Where is God sending us together as a group?

Monday, August 22, 2016


My Life Group lesson for August 21, 2016, using Lifeway's "Explore the Bible" commentary as a guide, with an assist from John McClendon and Love Worth Finding ...


American gold medal-winning swimmer Ryan Lochte, ak.a. the Real Swim Shady, made some bad decisions this week. First, he and three of his swimming bros acted dumbly at a gas station in Rio, had "security" guards point guns at them and demand money to leave. Then Lochte came up with a tale of being robbed by fake cops and lied to his mom about having a gun cocked at his head, which led to a feeding frenzy by the media and apologies from the United State Olympic Committee to Brazil.

Ryan and the other swimmers obviously lost sight of how their actions make them look and how they represent the United States.

Similarly, when we choose a path outside of God’s will, we lose sight of how our actions represent Christianity and affect the spread of the Gospel.

Before we make a decision that could affect the rest of our lives, we need to:

--- Trust in God
--- Wait on Him
--- Pray for His will
--- Watch Him work

1 Samuel 24:1-22; 26:1-25

*** We continue our study of David and Saul.

*** From the time David was anointed and throughout his adult life, he's lived in fear of King Saul.

*** Even when David had a chance to kill Saul in a cave in 1 Samuel 24, end the chase and take the throne, David remained loyal to the man chosen as king by the people and the Lord.

*** In chapter 26 David has another chance to kill Saul.


7 That night, David and Abishai came to the troops, and Saul was lying there asleep in the inner circle of the camp with his spear stuck in the ground by his head. Abner and the troops were lying around him. 8 Then Abishai said to David, “Today God has handed your enemy over to you. Let me thrust the spear through him into the ground just once. I won’t have to strike him twice!”

*** Listen! That’s David’s music!

--- Now a fugitive on the run, David had an opportunity to kill Saul but refused to take the easy way out.

(For WWE fans, it was as if God had distracted the ref in a wrestling match so that David could surprise Saul and smack him with a chair.)

--- David and his merry men had been pursued by Saul. They were outnumbered, but they knew the terrain and had the advantage of surprise.

--- Rather than flee the area or inflict an attack, David did something very risky. He tiptoed into Saul's camp as the army slept.

--- David asked two men to go with him, and while one didn't, Abishai did volunteer to go with David.

*** Finish him!

--- On the surface, it appeared that God had handed Saul right into David’s hands.

--- When David and Abishai came across the sleeping king, Abishai did what you'd expect, he eagerly volunteered to end the conflict once and for all.

(Think of the U.S. troops who would gladly be the one to take down Osama bin Laden or Saddam Hussein.)

--- Abishai could make it easy for everyone. With Saul dead David would be king, David wouldn't be blamed for killing him.

--- How often do we hear, “When God closes a door He opens a window?”

--- To Abishai this was a sign from God, so obviously God intended for Saul to be killed.

--- Similarly, David could have thought, “If God wants me to be king, and He does, and God has placed Saul in my hands, and He has, then obviously God wants me to kill him.”

--- However, an opportunity does not always mean an open door to act.

*** Question - What are the dangers of equating an open door with God’s will? How does one know the difference between a true open door and a test disguised as an open door?

David knew God’s Word and God’s ways, so he was able to discern the truth in this opportunity.

Imagine if you had a chance to take out a co-worker to get that promotion you want. Does that make it OK?

GODLY RESPECT (1 SAM. 26:9-12)

9 But David said to Abishai, “Don’t destroy him, for who can lift a hand against the LORD’s anointed and be blameless?” 10 David added, “As the LORD lives, the LORD will certainly strike him down: either his day will come and he will die, or he will go into battle and perish. 11 However, because of the LORD, I will never lift my hand against the LORD’s anointed. Instead, take the spear and the water jug by his head, and let’s go.” 12 So David took the spear and the water jug by Saul’s head, and they went their way. No one saw them, no one knew, and no one woke up; they all remained asleep because a deep sleep from the LORD came over them.

*** Out, out, darn spot!

--- Assassinating Saul would have left David with blood on his hands, like Lady Macbeth who couldn’t wash out the guilt.

--- Instead of taking advantage of a sweet situation, David continued to be loyal to Saul as God’s chosen leader of Israel.

--- He also knew that if Abishai did the killing it wouldn’t rationalize the act as a will of God.

*** Leave it to God.

--- He trusted God, leaving the future in His hands. Even if Saul was undeserving of such respect, his position as God’s anointed was deserving of respect.

--- David also knew that God would come through on His promise to make him king and in His own time.

--- David didn’t know how Saul would finally die, but not long before this in chapter 25 David saw how God dealt with Nabal.

--- David would receive the crown as a gift from God, he would not seize it by force.

--- David's survival and ultimate success were divinely directed.

*** Saul takes Supernatural Sleep Time Tea.

--- It seems impossible that David and Abishai could walk around Saul’s camp and not one of the 3,000 men was a light sleeper.

--- However, we see in verse 12 that God was working in this. God put the soldiers in a deep sleep.

--- On his way out David grabbed Saul’s beloved spear (which we’ve seen him hold and throw several times) and his water jug to prove to Saul that he could have taken him out if he so chose.

--- By taking these two items he was showing that he held Saul's life in his hands. His spear represented military power, and water was a precious commodity traveling through the wilderness.

*** Question - Respect is often seen as something that must be earned. David showed respect to someone who didn’t show respect to him. Why is it hard to respect people who disrespect us? Why should we?

REMORSE (1 SAM. 26:21-25)

21 Saul responded, “I have sinned. Come back, my son David, I will never harm you again because today you considered my life precious. I have been a fool! I’ve committed a grave error.” 22 David answered, “Here is the king’s spear; have one of the young men come over and get it. 23 May the LORD repay every man for his righteousness and his loyalty. I wasn’t willing to lift my hand against the LORD’s anointed, even though the LORD handed you over to me today. 24 Just as I considered your life valuable today, so may the LORD consider my life valuable and rescue me from all trouble.” 25 Saul said to him, “You are blessed, my son David. You will certainly do great things and will also prevail.” Then David went on his way, and Saul returned home.

*** Catch Me If You Can!

--- Out of the camp, David crossed a gorge separating his camp from Saul's.

--- David called out to alert the army to his presence, and showed the spear and water jug to prove that he'd been right in the middle of them.

--- It also proved that if not for David's mercy and sense of honor, he could have killed Saul but he had no desire to do that.

--- David even returns Saul’s spear, which was a sign of Saul’s royal power. If he kept it then he might look like he’s seeking the throne and to humiliate the king.

--- Verses 23 and 24 make it clear that David was appealing to God to be the ultimate judge in this trial. But would Saul continue to be judge, jury and executioner?

*** Sinner, sinner, chicken dinner.

--- After twice being told about his chances of death at the hands of David, Saul acts regretful and repentant.

--- But was this genuine repentance?

--- The first time David spared Saul's life - in the cave - Saul similarly expressed remorse. Of course, it didn't stick.

--- Here's what he said, in 1 Samuel 24:17-21 - “You are more righteous than I,” he said. “You have treated me well, but I have treated you badly. You have just now told me about the good you did to me; the LORD delivered me into your hands, but you did not kill me. When a man finds his enemy, does he let him get away unharmed? May the LORD reward you well for the way you treated me today. I know that you will surely be king and that the kingdom of Israel will be established in your hands. Now swear to me by the LORD that you will not kill off my descendants or wipe out my name from my father’s family.”

*** David could certainly doubt Saul’s sincerity.

--- Notice that David didn’t take the spear and jug back to Saul himself. When you’re dealing with someone who has constantly rebelled against God, we are cautious.

--- Saul sounds more like Pharaoh in Exodus 10:16-17, when he said he sinned against Yahweh and asked for relief from the plagues. After letting Israel go, he went after them again.

--- Saul was morally degenerate and like the pharaoh, unable to be trusted.

--- Showing remorse isn’t the same as being genuinely repentant.

--- Saul goes back home, but in chapter 27 it wasn't until David flees to Philistine territory that the scripture says Saul finally “no longer searched for him.”

--- Galatians 6:7 says we’ll reap what we sow, and Saul would find that out soon enough.

--- David, meanwhile, showed a more forgiving heart, closer to how we’re supposed to live, “Just as the Lord has forgiven you, so you must also forgive” (Col. 3:13; see also Eph. 4:32).


Adrian Rogers once said, when you fly in a plane, does the law of gravity no longer exist?

Of course it’s there.

But the law of aerodynamics is even greater.

It’s the same in our Christian walk. When we get right with God, the law of sin and death are still there. But we have a new law, a life in Jesus Christ that frees us from sin and death.

David’s obedience may have cost him. He could have had the throne as a much younger man. But his focus wasn’t on Saul but on God.

When Peter walked on water to meet Jesus, he let his eyes wander and began to sink. If we take our eyes off Jesus and into our own hands it creates more pain in the long run.

*** (1) Humility and respect are related. If you humble yourself before others you will treat others as important as God sees them.

*** (2) What open doors are in front of you? Seek God’s counsel to make sure which ones are within God’s will.

*** (3) When we wait on God and follow His ways instead of our own, we see what God can do.

Monday, August 15, 2016

Protected From Ourselves

My Life Group lesson for August 14, 2016, using Lifeway's "Explore the Bible" commentary as a guide, with an assist from John McClendon ...


Have you ever wanted to see bad things happen to bad people?

For example, have you ever been tempted to retaliate when a driver cuts you off driving down the interstate? How about when a boss treats you badly? Or when a spouse is treated badly and you want to come to their defense?

How did you react? Were you tempted to “get back at them” in some way?

Where is the line between defending yourself and trusting God to step in on your behalf? How do you know when to wait patiently on God when the only thing you want to do is defend yourself or those you love?

While many Christians want their actions to be guided by prayer, grace, love, and patience, it’s too tempting to settle for homegrown justice.

We lash out in anger instead of waiting patiently on God. We buy into the cliché that it’s better to ask forgiveness than ask permission.

And yes, it may feel good in the moment, but will it be good in the long run?

Where is the line between defending yourself and trusting God to step in on your behalf? How do you know when to wait patiently on God when the only thing you want to do is defend yourself or those you love?

Today we'll study how David was treated unfairly by Nabal, and ultimately learned it was up to God to provide justice.

God is sovereign and we are to focus on our relationship with God and allow Him to judge accordingly.

1 Samuel 25:1-43

*** In chapter 24 David spares Saul's life in the cave. As chapter 25 begins Samuel dies.

*** David and his men are in the wilderness in southern Israel.

*** It is there that David asks a rich man named Nabal for money in return for protection in the region.

(David was sort of like a warlord in that he and his men controlled this large territory. Nabal's flocks were in David's territory, but David didn't want to take anything, so he asked.)


14 One of Nabal’s young men informed Abigail, Nabal’s wife: “Look, David sent messengers from the wilderness to greet our master, but he yelled at them. 15 The men treated us well. When we were in the field, we weren’t harassed and nothing of ours was missing the whole time we were living among them. 16 They were a wall around us, both day and night, the entire time we were herding the sheep. 17 Now consider carefully what you must do, because there is certain to be trouble for our master and his entire family. He is such a worthless fool nobody can talk to him!”

*** R-E-S-P-E-C-T, find out what that means to me.

--- When David’s men asked Nabal for help they found out that he was a hard-hearted jerk.

--- Nabal scoffed, insulted David and told them to get off his lawn, so to speak.

--- David doesn't accept this in a godly manner and tells his men to grab their swords for slashing time.

--- Nabal had violated one of David's core moral principles: he had repaid good with evil.

--- David's a soldier. He valued loyalty. He was loyal to Saul even though the king was trying to kill him. So Nabal’s refusal to help was the hardest kind of offense to forgive.

--- One of Nabal's shepherds was a courageous peacemaker and knew that this wouldn't end well, so he went to Nabal's wife Abigail for another option.

--- He was right to do so, because Abigail was wise and resourceful.

--- He explained that even though David could command as he wished, his men had protected the men and their flocks, and never harmed anyone.

--- Both Abigail and the shepherd knew that by the code of the wilderness, David’s troops were owed compensation.

*** Abby to the rescue.

--- Abigail decided to act on her own and loaded up “200 loaves of bread, two skins of wine, five butchered sheep, a bushel of roasted grain, 100 clusters of raisins, and 200 cakes of pressed figs, loaded them on donkeys” and went out to meet David before his men arrived to kill all of Nabal’s men.

--- She lied down in front of David and apologized for the “stupidity” of her husband, which was fitting since his name in Hebrew means “insolent, selfish, and stupid person.”

(Not sure why a parent would name their kid that, but nowadays we see some weird names.)

--- Abigail is an example of grace in action, interceding for her worthless husband who didn’t deserve her intervention.

*** Question - Do you feel David’s response was a “knee-jerk” response? What else could he have done?

DAVID RELENTS (1 SAM. 25:32-35)

32 Then David said to Abigail, “Praise to the LORD God of Israel, who sent you to meet me today! 33 Your discernment is blessed, and you are blessed. Today you kept me from participating in bloodshed and avenging myself by my own hand. 34 Otherwise, as surely as the LORD God of Israel lives, who prevented me from harming you, if you had not come quickly to meet me, Nabal wouldn’t have had any men left by morning light.” 35 Then David accepted what she had brought him and said, “Go home in peace. See, I have heard what you said and have granted your request.”

*** Check yourself before you wreck yourself.

--- How often do you watch a baseball game and a pitcher retaliates by hitting a batter?

--- Usually what happens is a bench-clearing brawl. But more often than not someone usually comes out to hold the players back and things calm down.

--- With Abigail's action, David realized he'd been a fool and was saved from a terrible sin.

--- Think back to last week's lesson when Saul had dozens of priests and the entire village of Nob massacred when he wrongly assumed that Ahimelech was helping David.

--- David knew that his anger was out of control and he was about to do what Saul had done, no matter how much Nabal deserved punishment.

--- David and his men were about to murder innocent people to avenge one arrogant man.

--- Think of the damage this would do to David's reputation as well. All the goodwill he'd built up to be king after Saul would vanish.

*** Let it go.

--- David repented, did not taunt Nabal and did not warn him about future indiscretions. He simply went turned around.

--- This is a good model for letting go of anger and bitterness.

--- When turned away from doing evil, we should thank God for those who intervened and turn away entirely. Don't hold on to it to use later.

(Even when they cut in front of you in the after-school car line.)

--- David learned what we see in the New Testament as our new covenant: Turn the other cheek, no eye-for-an-eye, love thy neighbor as thy self.

--- In the Old Testament people were allowed to stone sinners. As we saw with the woman caught cheating on her husband, Jesus, however, has us drop our rocks.

--- Paul writes in Ephesians 4:31-32 - "Let all bitterness, and wrath, and anger, and clamour, and evil speaking, be put away from you, with all malice: And be ye kind one to another, tenderhearted, forgiving one another, even as God for Christ's sake hath forgiven you."

*** Question - Can you recall episodes in your life when someone turned you from a wrong and foolish act? (How did this serve as a milestone in your Christian walk?)

GOD INTERVENES (1 SAM. 25:36-38)

36 Then Abigail went to Nabal, and there he was in his house, holding a feast fit for a king. Nabal was in a good mood and very drunk, so she didn’t say anything to him until morning light. 37 In the morning when Nabal sobered up, his wife told him about these events. Then he had a seizure and became paralyzed. 38 About 10 days later, the LORD struck Nabal dead.

*** Fat, drunk and stupid is no way to go through life, son.

--- When Nabal was insulting David and living the life of spring break in Florida, he was blissfully ignorant that his life was in danger.

--- When he learned about what Abigail did, he had a seizure, became paralyzed and died.

--- Was he terrified of his fate? Was it a heart attack from anger at Abigail’s intercession?

--- Whatever it was, the Bible says simply that the LORD struck him dead.

--- Nabal had a hard heart, and it cost him his life.

*** Vengeance is not ours to give.

--- Contrast three verses back-to-back-to-back in Romans. First, 12:19: “Friends, do not avenge yourselves; instead, leave room for His wrath. For it is written: Vengeance belongs to Me; I will repay, says the Lord” Question – Does this mean that we hope people who have wronged us will “get what they deserve?”

(Had David backed off, yet said, “God give him what he deserves” would he have truly repented?) (No)

--- Now check out what Romans 12:20-21 says right after that: But If your enemy is hungry, feed him. If he is thirsty, give him something to drink. For in so doing you will be heaping fiery coals on his head. Do not be conquered by evil, but conquer evil with good.

--- If we only isolate verse 19 of Romans 12, then we miss out on the complete principle. David did not hope for any kind of retribution against Nabal. He simply backed off. The rest was left up to God.

--- When we, by faith, receive God’s mercy, we are saved. However, when we reject God’s mercy, we place ourselves in the path of God’s wrath.


Today’s session focuses on King David’s relationship with a haughty sheep rancher named Nabal.

After David and his men protected Nabal, Nabal disrespected David. This caused David to launch an attack against Nabal.

But before David reached Nabal, his wife Abigail intervened.

But – a plot twist! - it was actually David who was protected!

David recognized that he did not have to take matters into his own hands.

Ultimately, it was God who punished Nabal and saved David’s honor.

Often, we take matters into our own hands, not waiting on God’s perfect plan.

Today’s lesson reminds us that God is so big, so completely in control that He doesn’t need our help to defend His honor or His people, no matter how awful it seems to us.

From David’s limited perspective, he needed to act for the problem to be solved.

From God’s complete perspective, the problem was already being solved without David’s help.

*** (1) Proverbs 16:9 says “A man’s heart plans his way, but the LORD determines his steps.” God is never late, nor is He early; He is always right on time.

*** (2) We should be thankful when He keeps us from acting out of selfish motives. Believers can trust that God will bring about judgment against evil.

*** (3) Decide today that you will go to God in the face of conflict, instead of taking matters into your own hands. Even if the outcome isn’t pleasant, your relationship with Christ will be strengthened.

Monday, August 08, 2016

Blinded by Ambition

My Life Group lesson for August 7, 2016, using Lifeway's "Explore the Bible" commentary as a guide, with an assist from John McClendon ...


What are your favorite conspiracy theories?

--- Assassination of John F Kennedy (Oswald, mafia, Russians?)
--- Roswell UFO (Weather balloon, aliens?)
--- NASA faked the moon landings (Shot in the desert!)
--- The Illuminati (shadowy cabals control the world!)
--- Jesus and Mary Magdalene were married (It's in a popular book! There's a V in The Last Supper painting!)
--- Shakespeare wasn't Shakespeare (other writers did the work, not much historical evidence this guy did anything)

Why do we tend to believe that people are conspiring against us?

Our study today focuses on Saul and his unwillingness to recognize David as the anointed one of God.

Instead, the king was consumed by ambitious pride, triggering a chain reaction of jealousy, fear, hatred, paranoia, and desperate decisions. David’s popularity, success, and favor with God placed him in Saul’s crosshairs.

1 Samuel 21:1–23:29

*** Many years before the events of chapter 22, God told Samuel to let Saul know that his line would go bye-bye.

*** Saul—towering, stately, physically robust—had been the people’s choice to be Israel’s king, but he had failed miserably and sinned egregiously, so God rejected him.

*** Saul wasn't about to give up his crown so that this heroic and newly anointed pretty boy could take over, and even worse, he didn't care that he was disobeying God.

*** Saul was so jealous of David and determined to hang on to his crown that his son Jonathan told David to flee far and fast, lest he be killed.

*** This week we'll read about David on the run from Saul's increasing paranoia.

PURSUED BY SAUL (1 SAM. 22:6-10)

6 Saul heard that David and his men had been discovered. At that time Saul was in Gibeah, sitting under the tamarisk tree at the high place. His spear was in his hand, and all his servants were standing around him. 7 Saul said to his servants, “Listen, men of Benjamin: Is Jesse’s son going to give all of you fields and vineyards? Do you think he’ll make all of you commanders of thousands and commanders of hundreds? 8 That’s why all of you have conspired against me! Nobody tells me when my own son makes a covenant with Jesse’s son. None of you cares about me or tells me that my son has stirred up my own servant to wait in ambush for me, as is the case today.” 9 Then Doeg the Edomite, who was in charge of Saul’s servants, answered: “I saw Jesse’s son come to Ahimelech son of Ahitub at Nob. 10 Ahimelech inquired of the LORD for him and gave him provisions. He also gave him the sword of Goliath the Philistine.”

*** It’s not paranoia if everyone is in fact out to get you.

--- Saul's throwing a royal pity party.

--- Note how Saul is behaving: Feeling rejected, acting closed-minded, defiant, argumentative, and disagreeable. He's decided that he's on his own, and everyone's out to get him.

(In short, non one loves him, guess he'll go eat worms.)

--- Saul is known for having a violent temper, and he's holding a spear in his hand, ready to strike anyone who acts against him. (Just as he threw it at David twice, and Jonathan once, in earlier Scriptures: 18:10-11; 19:10; 20:33)

--- Saul was equally paranoid that his son Jonathan had conspired against him and helped David set up an ambush, which was a blatant lie.

--- Saul’s jealous clinging to power had made him irrational, and he may well have believed the lies he was telling.

--- Of course, Jonathan had been helping David, but not because they were trying to kill Saul, but to protect his friend. David was always steadfast in his loyalty to Saul as his king.

*** A royal pain.

--- Think back to 1 Samuel 8:11-18, when Samuel warned the people against asking for a king. Samuel said that kings would favor their friends and oppress everyone else.

--- It's clear in verse 7 that Saul has been using his kingdom to give his fellow tribe of Benjamites power and property.

--- David was a member of the tribe of Judah, so Saul was trying to make his followers as paranoid as he was about losing power.

--- Paranoia is what happens when you focus on yourself and believe everyone is out to get you. It causes you to assume things that aren’t true and to jump to conclusions that destroy relationships.

*** Question - One might say that hate leads to fear, and fear leads to suffering. How do unchecked ambition and pride lead to paranoia and fear? (How can people convince themselves that what they want to believe is true?)


11 The king sent messengers to summon Ahimelech the priest, son of Ahitub, and his father’s whole family, who were priests in Nob. All of them came to the king. 12 Then Saul said, “Listen, son of Ahitub!” “I’m at your service, my lord,” he said. 13 Saul asked him, “Why did you and Jesse’s son conspire against me? You gave him bread and a sword and inquired of God for him, so he could rise up against me and wait in ambush, as is the case today.” 14 Ahimelech replied to the king: “Who among all your servants is as faithful as David? He is the king’s son-in-law, captain of your bodyguard, and honored in your house. 15 Was today the first time I inquired of God for him? Of course not! Please don’t let the king make an accusation against your servant or any of my father’s household, for your servant didn’t have any idea about all this.”

*** Saul's reign of terror. (Like the French Revolution, anyone, including other revolutionaries, were guillotined.)

--- Saul's paranoia ended up costing Ahimelech the priest his life, and his entire house.

--- Unfortunately, David played a part in this story, as told in chapter 21.

--- David had moved from town to town, he was hungry and desperate, and told Ahimelech that he was still working for Saul on a super-secret mission.

--- Ahimelech didn't know what he was getting into. He gave David bread and the sword of Goliath.

*** Law & Order.

--- Saul's henchman, Doeg the Edomite, had been in Nob when David was there, and leaked the information about Ahimelech.

--- Saul summons the priest, who came with his whole family, not knowing he was about to be charged with treason and tried in a kangaroo court.

--- Ahimelech, as we know, was misled by David. But Saul assumes that the priest plotted with David, and that's enough for him. No evidence required.

--- Saul’s personal ambition now ran amok. He was blinded to Ahimelech’s loyalty to God and the king and blinded to Ahimelech’s obedience to come when summoned.

--- Ahimelech displayed insight and courage in dealing with King Saul. He was “honest, sincere, and well-crafted” as he “defended David’s character.”

--- Look at the five truths that Ahimelech used to defend David: He’s faithful, Saul’s son-in-law, captain in the military, honored among the king’s house, and sought God.

--- David was the kind of guy who followed the Lord’s way: The golden rule, treat others as you want to be treated.

--- Saul, on the other hand, believed that those who ruled could treat others as they wanted.

*** No listening to reason.

--- David had been loyal to Saul. Ahimelech, too. There was no rebellion.

(No one was going “Rogue One” on Saul’s home looking for plans to destroy his Death Star.)

--- When selfish ambition takes hold, it is like looking at a distorted mirror at a funhouse: reality becomes misshapen.

--- We become suspicious, hostile, and quick to judge, and we do it in a particularly irrational manner.

--- Jesus showed us a different and better way. He humbled Himself and took the form of a servant. Paul tells us to make our own attitude that of Christ Jesus. (Philippians 2:5)

--- Jesus hung out with the edges of society. David did, too, and they flocked to him. Saul not so much. He verbally abused his people and gave favors to his tribe.

*** Question – How do you respond when you watch someone allowing personal ambitions to destroy them?

In our law courts we have “due process” for dealing with an accused person. What kind of internal “due process” should take place in our heads when dealing with people that we think have done something wrong to us?

How could a person use the approach taken by Ahimelech when responding to a critic or when accused?

Are there other steps Ahimelech could have taken that would not have compromised his integrity?


16 But the king said, “You will die, Ahimelech—you and your father’s whole family!” 17 Then the king ordered the guards standing by him, “Turn and kill the priests of the LORD because they sided with David. For they knew he was fleeing, but they didn’t tell me.” But the king’s servants would not lift a hand to execute the priests of the LORD.

*** I’m Spartacus! No, I’m Spartacus!

--- The king's temper had so overcome him that even his servants were refusing to do his evil bidding to kill a priest and his family.

--- This is the ultimate in “killing the messenger” rather than dealing with the truth.

--- Ahimelech’s fate wasn’t due to his own sin, but to the sin of Saul.

--- Just as Jesus’ fate wasn’t due to any faults of His own, but religious leaders of His day who refused to see reality and demanded He be crucified.

*** A tragic ending.

--- To the guards’ credit, they weren’t going to do the king’s bidding, knowing it was immoral and part of Saul’s personal crusade against David.

--- Think about it. These guys are under orders to do whatever the king says. Many are fellow Benjamites.

--- When everyone you used to trust is telling you that you’re a fool, you should pay attention.

--- Unfortunately it didn't end there. Saul's henchman, Doeg the Edomite and his men were just fine with killing Ahimelech and 84 other priests.

--- They then went to Nob and kill all the people there, which would have been all the families of the priests, their servants, and even ordinary people who had nothing to do with the priests.

--- As news of the massacre spread, more and more Israelites sympathized with David against Saul.

--- Before this there was no rebellion, no real dissent. But Saul brought it all on himself.

--- The longer one refuses to believe in the truth, the harder his or her heart becomes.


Saul was breaking bad, like a high school teacher-turned-meth dealer.

Saul could have had greatness, but instead he chose murder and madness.

We may ask what Saul should have done.

The answer is surprisingly simple: he should have acknowledged David as the anointed one of God.

Had he done so, Israel could have had peace instead of civil war, and David could have served as Saul’s military commander until he became king.

There was no danger that David would seek to eliminate Saul or his family. He was never hostile, and he willingly entered a covenant with Jonathan. But Saul could not stand the thought of losing his crown.

The prophet Jeremiah declared, “The heart is more deceitful than anything else, and incurable—who can understand it?” (Jer. 17:9).

We can easily be led astray by our own ambitions.

All of our goals and desires need to be filtered through the will of God.

When Jesus called for His followers to deny themselves, He included personal ambitions (Luke 9:23).

God is not out to strip us of the joys of life. Instead, He wants us to experience the greater joys of life, not settling for what the world has to offer. We must trust that His ways are better than our ways.

We must allow Him to shape our ambitions so that we can find true and lasting satisfaction.

*** Personal ambition when left unchecked can lead to sin and destruction.

*** When you are confronted with a leader or someone close to you who has let personal ambition cloud his judgment, be willing to say “no, I can’t do what you have asked me to do."

*** Take some time to evaluate your ambitions and motives for what you do. Ask God to reveal to you any selfish ambitions you need to give to Him.

Monday, August 01, 2016

Faithful Friends

My Life Group lesson for July 31, 2016, using Lifeway's "Explore the Bible" commentary as a guide, with an assist from John McClendon ...


How many “friends” do you have on Facebook?

Except for family, how many would you actually keep in touch with if not for the internet?

Why is having good friends important?

One of God’s blessings is our ability to have close friendships. Much of our joy in life is found through connections with other people.

Today we’re going to study how best buds Jonathan and David helped each other, served each other, sacrificed for each other, and respected each other.


1 Samuel 18:1–20:42

*** In chapter 16 David was anointed king, but it would take years to become the ruler of Israel.

*** In chapter 17 David knocked out Goliath with a rock then cut his head off.

*** We cover chapters 18-20 today, the period during which David served in Saul’s military.

*** To put it mildly, David is military rock star, even killing a couple of hundred Philistines to win the hand of Saul’s daughter.

*** David’s so successful, in fact, that Saul wants him dead and no longer a contender to the throne. Lucky for David, Saul’s son Jonathan is David’s best pal.

TRUE FRIENDS (1 SAM. 18:1-5)

1 When David had finished speaking with Saul, Jonathan committed himself to David, and loved him as much as he loved himself. 2 Saul kept David with him from that day on and did not let him return to his father’s house. 3 Jonathan made a covenant with David because he loved him as much as himself. 4 Then Jonathan removed the robe he was wearing and gave it to David, along with his military tunic, his sword, his bow, and his belt. 5 David marched out with the army and was successful in everything Saul sent him to do. Saul put him in command of the soldiers, which pleased all the people and Saul’s servants as well.

*** You’ve got a friend in me.

--- We start out with events that took place after David defeated Goliath.

--- Saul drafts David and keeps him from going home. Saul is jealous and fearful of this new hero.

--- Jonathan was himself a courageous hero after climbing a cliff (like the Army Rangers going up Point du Hoc on D-Day) and routing a Philistine garrison in chapter 14.

--- Traditionally in cultures, as the son of the king Jonathan would be next in line. And as a leader he had the backing of his soldiers.

--- Jonathan no doubt watched the battle with Goliath closely and could see that David was brave, cunning, and devoted to God.

--- Like a quarterback who just saw a younger, stronger, and faster rookie score a touchdown, Jonathan could have reacted with pettiness, and he could have set about trying to undermine him or, in this violent era, plotted to murder him.

--- Nonetheless, he committed himself to the new champion, and continued to give himself over to David.

--- Jonathan, unlike his father, believed that David was the true chosen king. He literally gave him the robe off his back to prove it.

*** David and Jonathan's bromance.

--- Twice here it says that Jonathan loved David “as much as himself.”

--- Loving others more than one’s self is the hallmark of any great friendship.

--- When we love ourselves more than others, we begin to use others to benefit ourselves rather than helping them flourish and succeed.

--- “A friend is the first person who comes in when the whole world goes out.” (Henry Durbanville)

--- Saul loved himself and was bent on protecting his name and his title and his power.

--- Jonathan, however, bound himself to David even against his own father.

--- This was not the only covenant between the two men; they made another covenant on the day David fled from Saul (20:8,16), and yet another while David was a fugitive (23:16-18).

*** Question - Instead of being jealous, Jonathan rejoiced at David's success. What are some ways you've seen how rivalry and competition can destroy relationships? How should we react as Christians to the success of others?

TESTED FRIENDS (1 SAM. 20:35-40)

35 In the morning Jonathan went out to the field for the appointed meeting with David. A small young man was with him. 36 He said to the young man, “Run and find the arrows I’m shooting.” As the young man ran, Jonathan shot an arrow beyond him. 37 He came to the location of the arrow that Jonathan had shot, but Jonathan called to him and said, “The arrow is beyond you, isn’t it?” 38 Then Jonathan called to him, “Hurry up and don’t stop!” Jonathan’s young man picked up the arrow and returned to his master. 39 He did not know anything; only Jonathan and David knew the arrangement. 40 Then Jonathan gave his equipment to the young man who was with him and said, “Go, take it back to the city.”

*** Shooting straight.

--- Through chapters 18, 19 and 20, Saul's jealousy caused David to go into hiding and Jonathan to risk his own life to protect David.

--- Jonathan wasn't sure at first, though, that his dad truly meant harm to David (who believes the worst in their father?), so they cooked up a plan to prove it.

--- David would be absent from the king's table at the New Moon banquet, and Jonathan told Saul that he allowed David to go to Bethlehem with his family.

--- David was actually going to hide in a field and wait.

--- If Saul got angry that David wasn't there, it would prove that Saul wanted David there to arrest and kill him.

--- Jonathan would go out to the field with a servant boy for target practice with his bow and arrows.

--- If Jonathan shot the arrows next to the stone, then David would know he was safe. But that's not how it went down.

--- By overshooting his target, Jonathan signaled that Saul lost his temper and David should flee.

--- Considering that Saul yelled that Jonathan was the "son of a perverse and rebellious woman" and threw a spear at Jonathan, this also showed Jonathan that his dad was serious about killing David.

--- In verse 38 Jonathan added, “Hurry up and don’t stop!” These words were spoken to the servant, but meant for David, telling his pal to flee as far away as fast as possible.

*** BFFs: Best Friends Forever!

--- This was a decisive moment in Jonathan’s life. He knew that his father’s hostility to David was wrong, but he had to make a choice. He could continue to show friendship to David, or he could join his father in trying to kill him.

--- True friendship never requires us to do what is evil, but it may require us to break other bonds in order to do what is right. Because of his loyalty to David, Jonathan could clearly see how immoral Saul’s behavior was. Had Jonathan been more neutral toward David, he might have supported Saul out of filial loyalty even though he knew that killing David was not right.

*** Question - How do you think Jonathan felt about being caught between his father and his friend?


41 When the young man had gone, David got up from the south side of the stone Ezel, fell with his face to the ground, and bowed three times. Then he and Jonathan kissed each other and wept with each other, though David wept more. 42 Jonathan then said to David, “Go in the assurance the two of us pledged in the name of the LORD when we said: The LORD will be a witness between you and me and between my offspring and your offspring forever.” Then David left, and Jonathan went into the city.

*** There and back again.

--- After Jonathan sent the boy away, David emerged from his hiding place, and the two embraced in tears.

--- It seems weird that David and Jonathan would bother with the elaborate plan since they ended up talking face-to-face anyway. But they may not have been able to do so, and if others had seen David and Jonathan together it could have meant a death sentence for both of them.

--- Even though David was now a fugitive, Jonathan reminded him of the covenant promise between them, in the name of the Lord.

(Jonathan would always answer David's texts. David would happily help Jonathan move. They would spot each other on leg day at the gym. They would be each others' wingman checking out the ladies.)

--- No matter what happened, their friendship would endure to the end.

--- That is why a man and woman take marriage vows. While one might think that love would keep the couple from straying, it is important that they reinforce their mutual commitment with solemn vows.

--- In much the same way, God’s covenant relationship with us through Jesus will always endure all things, thus providing us with security and hope.

*** Loyal to the end.

--- David went back into hiding, Jonathan back into the city. Saul spent the rest of his life hunting David, the rest of his life. David spent that same amount of time fleeing, hiding, surviving until Saul finally died.

--- The Lord always protected David, and all of this activity made him an even greater general, a greater military man in the future when he took his throne.

--- This would not be the last time that David and Jonathan saw one another. They met at least one more time, when David was on the run from Saul and hiding out in the Wilderness of Ziph (1 Sam. 23:16-18). Jonathan went to see David, and the fact that he could find him implies that the two had stayed in communication. On that occasion, Jonathan encouraged David to have faith in God. Jonathan’s words on this occasion were particularly poignant and ultimately sad. Jonathan was sure that David would win the crown in the end and that Jonathan would serve as his second-in-command. No doubt this would have happened had Jonathan survived, but he died in battle against the Philistines alongside his father at Mount Gilboa.


Ecclesiastes 4:9-10 says that “Two are better than one because they have a good reward for their efforts. For if either falls, his companion can lift him up; but pity the one who falls without another to lift him up.” Did you know that some studies indicate that someone's number of "true friends" has declined from 3 to 2 in the past 25 years?

Did you know that other studies indicate there is a link between socially isolated people and heart disease? We need to understand that strong friendships don’t just happen. They require work, sacrifice, and intentionality.

Pastor Ron Edmondson lays out four characteristics of true friendship:

Unconditional love - A true friend loves at all times. Regardless of what you do, what happens, or where life takes you, a true friend loves at all times. On your worst day—when you aren’t even fun to be around—a true friend still takes you to lunch. (And likely pays.)

Unwavering support – True friends are in it for the long haul. Even when you’ve fallen—or agree with you completely—a true friend is in your corner. When you call—even when you’re in trouble—they come. True friendships may only be for a season. I have many of those. But if we run into each other again we pick up where we left off. Trust is already established. The relationship is just as strong. True friendships are consistent.

Willingness to challenge – Love and support is not ignoring the words you need to here. A true friendship makes you better. The Bible says “iron sharpens iron.” True friends will correct you if needed. Proverbs 27:5 says, “Better an open rebuke than hidden love.” Friends won’t let you injure yourself or others if they can intervene. They won’t remain silent with what you need to hear—and it will be shared in the deepest of love.

Full of grace – True friendship weather the sometime difficulties of relationships, forgiving when needed, and loving each other even when it hurts. A true friendship isn’t one-sided. Both friends are willing to lay down their life for the other. Grace is freely and generously given.

David and Jonathan’s friendship stood the test of distance, time, and trials.

In 2 Samuel he even brought in Jonathan’s disabled son and took care of him.

*** (1) Think of people who consider you their true friend. What characteristics do you demonstrate toward them that communicate to them that you are a true friend?

*** (2) Godly friendship is built on commitment to God and provides lifelong encouragement.

*** (3) Think about your Christian friendships. Approach them as a covenant commitment, intending to bless the other person.